4131 – AKLIDES® EmA
The AKLIDES® EmA is an immunofluorescence assay (IFA) for the qualitative determination of IgA antibodies in human serum against endomysium antigens (EmA) on monkey esophagus sections. The AKLIDES® EmA is intended as an aid in the diagnosis of celiac disease in conjunction with other clinical and laboratory findings.
Celiac disease or gluten-sensitivity is characterized by small intestinal damages leading to a so-called “flat” mucosa. Due to this extensive lesions, malabsorption occurs frequently accompanied with a depletion of key nutrients. Dermatitis herpetiformis, a skin manifestation of celiac disease which occurs in phases, has been shown to demonstrate celiac like changes in the intestine, resembling the inflammatory process in celiac patients. This disease is characterized by formation of sub-epidermal blisters, in which IgA antibodies are found in the basal membrane associated with neutrophils and eosinophil infiltration. Determination of IgG and IgA to deamidated gliadin as well as the detection of EmA IgA has been considered as the main serological parameters for celiac disease so far. EmA IgA shows a diagnostic specificity of about 98 % and a diagnostic sensitivity of greater 95 %.
The IFA (indirect immunofluorescence assay) is an immuno-assay for the determination of specific antibodies. Tissue sections or cells containing the antigen of interest are immobilized on slides. If specific antibodies are present in the patient´s sample, they bind to the antigen in the tissue. A secondary antibody conjugated with fluorescein-isothiocyanat (FITC) detects the generated immune complex. The slides are examined using a fluorescence microscope. A specific fluorescent staining pattern demonstrates the presence of specific antibodies in the patient´s sample.
The immunoassay is designed for manual processing and automated imaging using the AKLIDES® or akiron® system.
Worldwide first and fully automated system, AKLIDES® digital fluorescence microscope is used for the standardized imaging and data processing in immunofluorescence tests on glass slides. Controlled by the AKLIDES® Software, the AKLIDES® system has the ability to produce valid standardized analyses and to document immunofluorescence assays electronically to augment daily laboratory routine in the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases.
The immunoassay is designed for professional in vitro diagnostic use.
|Description||Indirect immunofluorescence assay for the determination of IgG antibodies in human serum against islet cell antigens|
|Format||Slides coated with cryostat tissue sections of monkey esophagus|
|Incubation time||60 min.|
|Sample volume||10 µL serum|
|No. of determinations||48 (12 x 4)|