4014 – Anti-Cardiolipin Screen
The Anti-Cardiolipin Screen is a semi-quantitative immunoassay for the determination of IgG, IgM and IgA antibodies against nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens in human serum. The Anti-Cardiolipin Screen is intended as an aid in the diagnosis of anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome (APAS) in conjunction with other clinical and laboratory findings.
Anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome (APAS), an autoimmune disorder evident by clinical symptoms such as thrombocytopenia, arterial (venous) thrombosis, and recurrent foetal loss, as well as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are characterized by the presence of autoantibodies reactive to negatively charged phospholipids. The detection of such antibodies is well established and plays an essential role in the diagnosis of systemic autoimmune diseases.
In autoimmune patients, cardiolipin antibodies seem to recognize cardiolipin associated with plasma protein cofactors, e.g. b2 glycoprotein-I (b2 GP-I), a serum protein with a molecular weight of ca. 50 kDa, that affects platelet aggregation and coagulation. Negatively charged phospholipids such as cardiolipin interact with the positively charged fifth domain of b2 GP-I, an interaction that leads to conformational changes of the protein and the creation of new epitopes recognized by autoimmune phospholipid autoantibodies.
The ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay) is an immunoassay for the determination of specific antibodies. The strips of the microtiter plate are coated with test-specific antigens. If antibodies are present in the patient´s sample, they bind to the antigens. A secondary antibody conjugated with the enzyme peroxidase detects the generated immune complex. A colorless substrate is converted into the colored product. The signal intensity of the reaction product is proportional to the antibody activity in the sample. After stopping the signal intensity of the reaction product is measured photometrically.
The immunoassay is designed for manual professional in vitro diagnostic use.
|Indication||Anti-phospholipid syndrome (APAS)|
|Description||Enzyme immunoassay for the semi-quantitative determination of IgG, IgM and IgA antibodies against Cardiolipin in human serum|
|Format||Microtiter plate coated with cardiolipin complex|
|Total incubation time||105 min.|
|Sample volume||10 µL serum|
|No. of determinations||96 (93 x 1) + 1 x Calibrator + 2 x Controls|